Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Fair Value Measurement

Fair Value Measurement
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2022
Fair Value Disclosures [Abstract]  
Fair Value Measurement Fair Value Measurement
Fair value ("FV") is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability (i.e., the "exit price") in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date.
In determining fair value, the Company uses various valuation approaches and establishes a hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value that maximizes the use of relevant observable inputs and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs by requiring that the most observable inputs be used, when available. Observable inputs are inputs that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability developed based on market data obtained from sources independent of the Company. Unobservable inputs are inputs that reflect the Company's assumptions about the assumptions other market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability developed based on the best information available in the circumstances. The hierarchy is broken down into three levels based on the observability of inputs as follows:
Level 1 — Valuations based on quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the Company has the ability to access. Valuation adjustments and block discounts are not applied to Level 1 instruments. Since valuations are based on
quoted prices that are readily and regularly available in an active market, valuation of these instruments does not entail a significant degree of judgment.
Level 2 — Valuations based on one or more quoted prices in markets that are not active or for which all significant inputs are observable, either directly or indirectly.
Level 3 — Valuations based on inputs that are unobservable and significant to the overall fair value measurement.
A financial instrument's categorization within the valuation hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The Company's assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires judgment and considers factors specific to the asset or liability.
Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
Assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of September 30, 2022 are set forth below:
(In thousands)
Estimated fair value measurements
Balance Quoted prices in active market
(Level 1)
Significant other observable inputs (Level 2) Significant other unobservable inputs (Level 3) Total gains
September 30, 2022:
Short-term investment $ 8,503  $ 8,503  $ —  $ —  $ (3,349)
Short-term investment— On September 1, 2022, the Company received 2,616,460 common shares of Step Energy Services, Inc. ("STEP") with an estimated fair value of $11.9 million as part of the consideration for the sale of our coiled tubing assets to STEP. The shares were treated as an investment in equity securities measured at fair value using Level 1 inputs based on observable prices on the Toronto Stock Exchange and are shown under current assets in our condensed consolidated balance sheets. As of September 30, 2022, the fair value of the short-term investment was estimated at $8.5 million, and the unrealized loss resulting from the fluctuation in stock price was $3.3 million. Included in the unrealized loss was a loss of $0.4 million resulting from non-cash foreign currency translation. The unrealized losses resulting from stock price fluctuation and foreign currency translation are included in other income (expense) in our condensed consolidated statements of operations.
Our financial instruments include cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued and other current liabilities, and long-term debt (if any). The estimated fair value of our financial instruments at September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, approximated or equaled their carrying values as reflected in our condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Assets Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis
On September 21, 2022, the Company received equipment inventory from the manufacturer of DuraStim® hydraulic fracturing equipment in connection with its settlement of warranty claims for the DuraStim® hydraulic fracturing equipment acquired from the manufacturer. The fair value of this equipment inventory received from the manufacturer was estimated to be $2.7 million. The estimated fair value was determined using the cost approach, which represents a Level 3 in the fair value measurement hierarchy. Our fair value estimate required us to use significant unobservable inputs, including a third party valuation and assumptions related to replacement cost, among others. Accordingly, we recorded non cash income of $2.7 million, which is presented within other income (expense) in our condensed consolidated statements of operations, and the equipment inventory received included as part of our property and equipment in our condensed consolidated balance sheets. As of September 30, 2022, the remaining carrying value for the equipment inventory was $2.7 million.
Whenever events or circumstances indicate that the carrying value of long-lived assets may not be recoverable, the Company reviews the carrying value of long‑lived assets, such as property and equipment and other assets to determine if they are recoverable. If any long‑lived assets are determined to be unrecoverable, an impairment expense is recorded in the period. No impairment of property and equipment was recorded during the three months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021. For the nine months ended September 30, 2022, we recorded impairment expense of approximately $57.5 million in connection with our electric pressure pumping technology driven DuraStim® hydraulic fracturing pumps that did not meet the manufacturer's specifications or our expectations.