Basis of Presentation
|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2020
|Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]|
|Basis of Presentation||Basis of Presentation
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements of ProPetro Holding Corp. and its subsidiary (the "Company," "we," "us" or "our") have been prepared in accordance with the requirements of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") for interim financial information and do not include all of the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP") for annual financial statements. Those adjustments (which consisted of normal recurring accruals) that are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair presentation of the results of the interim periods have been made. Results of operations for such interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations for a full year due to changes in market conditions and other factors. The condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2019 included in our Form 10-K filed with the SEC (our "Form 10-K").
Risks and Uncertainties
As an oilfield services company, we are exposed to a number of risks and uncertainties that are inherent to our industry. In addition to such industry-specific risks, the global public health crisis associated with the novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”) pandemic has, and is anticipated to continue to have, an adverse effect on global economic activity for the immediate future and has resulted in travel restrictions, business closures and the institution of quarantining and other restrictions on movement in many communities. The slowdown in global economic activity attributable to the COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in a dramatic decline in the demand for energy, which directly impacts our industry and the Company. In addition, global crude oil prices experienced a collapse starting in early March 2020 as a direct result of failed negotiations between the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (“OPEC”) and Russia. In response to the global economic slowdown, OPEC had recommended a decrease in production levels in order to accommodate reduced demand. Russia rejected the recommendation of OPEC as a concession to U.S. producers. After the failure to reach an agreement, Saudi Arabia, a dominant member of OPEC, and other Persian Gulf OPEC members announced intentions to increase production and offer price discounts to buyers in certain geographic regions.
As the breadth of the COVID-19 health crisis expanded throughout the month of March 2020 and governmental authorities implemented more restrictive measures to limit person-to-person contact, global economic activity continued to decline commensurately. The associated impact on the energy industry has been adverse and continued to be exacerbated by the unresolved conflict regarding production. In the second week of April 2020, OPEC, Russia and certain other petroleum producing nations (“OPEC+”), reconvened to discuss the matter of production cuts in light of unprecedented disruption and supply and demand imbalances that expanded since the failed negotiations in early March 2020. Tentative agreements were reached to cut production by up to 10 million barrels of oil per day with allocations to be made among the OPEC+ participants. Some of these production cuts went into effect in the first half of May 2020, however, commodity prices remain depressed as a result of an increasingly utilized global storage network and near-term demand loss attributable to the COVID-19 health crisis and related economic slowdown.
The combined effect of COVID-19 and the energy industry disruptions led to a decline in WTI crude oil prices of approximately 67 percent from the beginning of January 2020, when prices were approximately $62 per barrel, through the end of March 2020, when they were just above $20 per barrel. Overall crude oil price volatility has continued despite apparent agreement among OPEC+ regarding production cuts and as of June 29, 2020, the WTI price for a barrel of crude oil was approximately $40.
Despite a significant decline in drilling and completion activities by U.S. producers starting in mid-March 2020, domestic supply is exceeding demand which has led to significant operational stress with respect to capacity limitations associated with storage, pipeline and refining infrastructure, particularly within the Gulf Coast region. The combined effect of the aforementioned factors is anticipated to have an adverse impact on the industry in general and our operations specifically.
Since March 2020, we initiated several actions to mitigate the anticipated adverse economic conditions for the immediate future and to support our financial position and liquidity. The more significant actions that we have taken included: (i) canceling substantially all of our growth capital projects, (ii) significantly reducing our maintenance expenditures and field level consumable costs, (iii) reducing our workforce to follow our activity levels, (iv) efforts to manage our compensation costs, such as compensation reductions and management of work schedules to reduce overtime costs and (v) negotiating more favorable payment terms with certain of our larger vendors and proactively managing our portfolio of accounts receivable.
The Company’s services are sold based upon contracts with customers. The Company recognizes revenue when it satisfies a performance obligation by transferring control over a product or service to a customer. The following is a description of the principal activities, separated by reportable segment and all other, from which the Company generates its revenue.
Pressure Pumping — Pressure pumping consists of downhole pumping services, which includes hydraulic fracturing (inclusive of acidizing services) and cementing.
Hydraulic fracturing is a well-stimulation technique intended to optimize hydrocarbon flow paths during the completion phase of shale wellbores. The process involves the injection of water, sand and chemicals under high pressure into shale formations. Our hydraulic fracturing contracts have one performance obligation, contracted total stages, satisfied over time. We recognize revenue over time using a progress output method, unit-of-work performed method, which is based on the agreed fixed transaction price and actual stages completed. We believe that recognizing revenue based on actual stages completed faithfully depicts how our hydraulic fracturing services are transferred to our customers over time.
Acidizing, which is part of our hydraulic fracturing operating segment, involves a well-stimulation technique where acid is injected under pressure into formations to form or expand fissures. Our acidizing contracts have one performance obligation, satisfied at a point-in-time, upon completion of the contracted service when control is transferred to the customer. Jobs for these services are typically short term in nature, with most jobs completed in less than a day. We recognize acidizing revenue at a point-in-time, upon completion of the performance obligation.
Our cementing services use pressure pumping equipment to deliver a slurry of liquid cement that is pumped down a well between the casing and the borehole. Our cementing contracts have one performance obligation, satisfied at a point-in-time, upon completion of the contracted service when control is transferred to the customer. Jobs for these services are typically short term in nature, with most jobs completed in less than a day. We recognize cementing revenue at a point-in-time, upon completion of the performance obligation.
The transaction price for each performance obligation for all our pressure pumping services is fixed per our contracts with our customers.
All Other— All other consists of our coiled tubing and drilling, which are all downhole well stimulation and completion/remedial services. The performance obligation for each of the services has a fixed transaction price which is satisfied at a point-in-time upon completion of the service when control is transferred to the customer. Accordingly, we recognize revenue at a point-in-time, upon completion of the service and transfer of control to the customer.
Accounts receivables are stated at the amount billed and billable to customers. At March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, accrued revenue (unbilled receivable) included as part of our accounts receivable was $21.6 million and $37.0 million, respectively. At March 31, 2020, the transaction price allocated to the remaining performance obligation for our partially completed hydraulic fracturing operations was $16.3 million, which is expected to be completed and recognized in one month following the current period balance sheet date, in our pressure pumping reportable segment.
Allowance for Credit Losses
As of March 31, 2020, the Company had $5.3 million allowance for credit losses. The allowance for credit losses of $4.3 million, recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2020, was the result of the application of ASU 2016-13 to the Company’s accounts receivables as of March 31, 2020 in consideration of both historic collection experience and the expected impact of currently deteriorating economic conditions for the oil and gas industry. We evaluated the historic loss experience on our accounts receivable and also considered separately, customers with receivable balances that may be further impacted by current economic developments and market conditions. A substantial amount of the Company’s allowance for credit losses relates to a customer facing significant liquidity constraints for which the expected credit loss was separately evaluated. While the Company has not experienced significant credit losses in the past and has not yet seen material changes to the payment patterns of its customers, the Company cannot predict with any certainty the degree to which the impacts of the coronavirus ("COVID-19") pandemic, including the potential impact of periodically adjusted borrowing base limits, level of hedged production, or unforeseen well shut-downs may af
fect the ability of its customers to timely pay receivables when due. Accordingly, in future periods, the Company may revise its estimates of expected credit losses.
The table below shows a summary of allowance for credit losses during for the three months ended March 31, 2020.
The entire disclosure for organization, consolidation and basis of presentation of financial statements disclosure.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef